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Q. Which period is related to the oldest history of human? Ans- Stone Age Q. The period of development of mankind for which no written evidence is found is called? Ans- Prehistoric period or Prehistoric period Q. Where did the Pre-Stone Age humans live? Ans- In the caves of the mountain Q. What was the main basis of livelihood of pre-Stone Age humans? Ans- hunting Q. What were the weapons of the Pre-Stone Age made of? Ans- Stone, bone and wood Q. What was the main means of subsistence of man of the Middle Stone Age? Ans- hunting and animal husbandry Q. What was the first invention of the Pre-Stone Age? Ans- fire Q. Which animal was domesticated by humans in the Neolithic Age? Ans- dog Q. In which era did humans fully adopt the invention of Vamshi? Ans- In the Neolithic Age Q. In which era did the trend of permanent residence in humans come? Ans- In the Neolithic Age Q. What was the first tool of the Neo-Stone Age? Ans- stone ax Q. In which period the wheel was invented? Ans- In the Neolithic period Q. How did humans cremate their dead in the Neo-Stone Age? Ans- By burying the dead body Q. With what things were the dead people buried in the tombs in the Neolithic Age? Ans- Weapons, earthenware, food items Q. In the Neo-Stone Age, big stones were put in the graveyards. What are those stones called? Ans- Megalithic Q. In which era earthen pots were first used? Ans- In the Neolithic Age Q. When did man start the art of weaving clothes? Ans- In the Neolithic period Q. What was the first human learned? Ans- lighting a fire Q. What two things were the early humans often afraid of? Ans- Weather and wild animals Q. What was the most important discovery of early man? Ans- Chakra or wheel Q. Which department collects the metals of ancient times? Ans- Department of Archeology Q. What was the main occupation of the Chalco-Stone Age man? Ans- Farming Q. In which period did man use stone and copper tools together? Ans- Chalcolithic period Q. Which metal was first used in the Chalcolithic period? Ans- Copper Q. Which metal ornaments did Chalco-Stone Age women wear? Ans- bronze metal Q. Which are the ancient languages of India? Ans- 26. Pali and Pravamat Q. Which were the oldest cities of India? Ans- Mohenjodaro Q. What does Mohenjodaro mean? Ans- The city of the dead or the mound of the dead Q. Mohenjodaro was situated on the bank of which river? Ans- Indus river Q. Where is the ‘Great Bathroom’ located? Ans- Mohenjodaro Q. Before the discovery of Mohenjodaro and Harappa, which important event did the scholars consider the beginning of Indian history? Ans- With the arrival of Aryans Q. Who discovered Harappa city and when? Ans- Sir John Marshall and Rai Bahadur Dayaram Sahni in 1921 AD Q. By what name is the Indus Valley Civilization called nowadays? Ans- Harappan culture Q. Who is the first civilization of India? Ans- Indus Valley Civilization (Harappan Culture) Q. In which area did the first civilization develop in the Indian subcontinent? Ans- In the western region Q. Who was the builder of Indus Valley Civilization? Ans- Dravid Q. How long was the period of Indus Valley Civilization? Ans- Dr. B. a. According to Simath, from 2500 BC to 1500 BC Q. How many years did the Harappan culture survive? Ans- about 1000 years Q. What is the Indus Valley Civilization called? Ans- Urban Civilization Q. On which rivers did the Indus Valley Civilization develop? Ans- On the banks of Indus and its tributaries Q. Where were most of the cities of the Indus civilization located? Ans- On the banks of rivers Q. Where were the first two major sites of the Indus civilization met? Ans- Harappa in Punjab and Mohenjodaro in Singh Q. On the bank of which river was the city of Harappa situated? Ans- Ravi river Q. Where is Harappa located? Ans- Pakistan (Sahiwal) Q. Mohenjodaro is situated on the bank of which river? Ans- Indus river Q. Which animal has been engraved the most on the seals obtained from the excavations of Sandhav sites? Ans- Bull Q. Which was the main port of Indus Valley Civilization? Ans- Lothal port Q. Where was the expansion area of Indus civilization? Ans- Jammu, Punjab, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Balochistan (Pakistan), Indus (Pakistan) Q. In how many classes was the society divided in the Indus Valley Civilization? Ans- Four-scholar, yoah, businessman and laborer Q. What type of food did humans eat in the Indus Valley Civilization? Ans- Vegetarian and non-vegetarian Q. What type of clothes did the people of Indus civilization wear? Ans- Woolen and cotton Q. Whom did the Indus people worship? Ans- Mother Goddess and Shiva Linga Q. Which animal was considered sacred by the Indus people? Ans- bull Q. Which of the Indus people used to travel? Ans- Bullock carts and Ace carts Q. With whom did the Indus people entertain? Ans- Chess, Music, Dance, Gambling Q. At which place the people of Harappan culture had knowledge of horse? Ans- Surkotada Q. The discovery of scales has proved that the people of the Indus Valley were familiar with measurement and weight. Where did this discovery happen? Ans- Lothal Q. What are the most important features of Harappan cities? Ans- planning, configuration Q. Which metal was used more by the Indus people? Ans- Ta°ba Q. With which metal the inhabitants of Indus civilization were not familiar? Ans- Iron Q. What was the language used by the people of Indus Valley? Ans- Could not read till date Q. What was the length and width of the main road of Mohenjodaro? Ans- 400 m. length and width of 10 meters Q. With which country did the Harappans trade with the merchants? Ans- Sumer Q. What was the main occupation of the Indus people? Ans- Veterinary and animal husbandry Q. Who has been held responsible for the destruction of the Indus Valley Civilization? Ans- Flood, drought, foreign invasion (Arrival of Aryans) Q. By what name did you call the ancient civilization of China? Ans- Yellow River Valley Civilization Q. In whose reign was the construction of the Great Wall of China completed? Ans- She-Ang Tee Q. On which river did the Chinese civilization develop? Ans- Hwanghyo Q. Whose worship was the most popular practice of the ancient Chinese? Ans- Ancestors